4501 Waller Rd E
Fourth Sunday After Pentecost
June 12, 2016
Ascension Lutheran Church, Tacoma WA
Paul Naumann, Pastor
FIND THE DEBTORS IN THIS PICTURE
Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity, Amen. Today's text comes from
Luke's Gospel, chapter seven, beginning with the 36th verse, as follows:
Then one of the Pharisees asked Him to eat with him. And He went to the Pharisee's house, and sat
down to eat. 37 And behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at
the table in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster flask of fragrant oil, 38 and stood at His feet
behind Him weeping; and she began to wash His feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair
of her head; and she kissed His feet and anointed them with the fragrant oil. 39 Now when the
Pharisee who had invited Him saw this, he spoke to himself, saying, "This Man, if He were a
prophet, would know who and what manner of woman this is who is touching Him, for she is a
sinner." 40 And Jesus answered and said to him, "Simon, I have something to say to you." So he
said, "Teacher, say it." 41 "There was a certain creditor who had two debtors. One owed five
hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42 And when they had nothing with which to repay, he freely
forgave them both. Tell Me, therefore, which of them will love him more?" 43 Simon answered and
said, "I suppose the one whom he forgave more." And He said to him, "You have rightly judged."
44 Then He turned to the woman and said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I entered your
house; you gave Me no water for My feet, but she has washed My feet with her tears and wiped
them with the hair of her head. 45 You gave Me no kiss, but this woman has not ceased to kiss My
feet since the time I came in. 46 You did not anoint My head with oil, but this woman has anointed
My feet with fragrant oil. 47 Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she
loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little." 48 Then He said to her, "Your sins
are forgiven." 49 And those who sat at the table with Him began to say to themselves, "Who is this
who even forgives sins?" 50 Then He said to the woman, "Your faith has saved you. Go in peace."
So far the Holy Word.
In the Name of Jesus Christ, Who came to this world to "seek and save those who are lost," Dear
Did you like to do puzzles when you were little? Maybe you still do. When I was a kid I liked to do
crosswords and word searches. I liked the ones where you had to find your way through a maze.
But my favorite puzzles were the ones with hidden shapes in them. I remember they were in a
magazine called 'Highlights' when we visited the dentist. They'd give you a complicated drawing to
look at, and your task was to find, e.g., the fifteen flowers hidden somewhere in the picture. There
were almost always one or two that I wouldn't be able to find. Then I'd look at the answer key and
discover - of course - that the missing shapes had been staring me in the face the whole time. It
seems so obvious when you know where to look!
Even grownups sometimes have trouble seeing something that's right in front of their face. In
today's text, Jesus is trying to get a point across to a Pharisee named Simon. To do it, He gives
Simon a picture to examine - a picture of two debtors suddenly released from their indebtedness.
Then Jesus, in effect, asks Simon to find himself, hidden in that picture. Well, it's a puzzle that isn't
too difficult to solve. And if you look closely enough, I think you may be able to find yourself
hidden in that picture, as well! This morning's theme is a challenge:
FIND THE DEBTORS IN THIS PICTURE
I. Find Simon - a debtor who didn't realize
how much he owed.
II. Find the woman - a debtor who realized her
indebtedness and sought Christ's forgiveness.
III. Find yourself!
A man named Simon had invited Jesus to dinner. He was a Pharisee, one of the hypocritical Jewish
leaders who were always looking for an opportunity to trap Jesus in His words and condemn Him.
Jesus never turned anyone down - not even a Pharisee - so He entered Simon's house and took His
place at the table. In those days people lay down to eat; they reclined on low couches with their
heads toward the table and their feet away from it, leaning on their left elbow as they ate. That
seems rather strange to us, but it was completely natural to them. Another custom that might seem
strange - outside visitors frequently would stop by for a few minutes' conversation while the meal
was going on. This was all very common. What happened in our text, though, was very uncommon
-- and quite shocking to everyone present except Jesus.
A woman walked in and stood at Jesus' feet weeping. She was a woman everybody knew - a fallen
woman, who had perhaps been guilty of adultery, or had had a child out of wedlock. The
respectable people around the table were shocked, more so when they watched the woman
washing Jesus' feet with her tears, and drying them with her hair. They couldn't believe it! Jesus
never moved, while this person - who was so obviously a "sinner" - proceeded to kiss His feet, and
anoint his feet with an expensive perfume.
Simon the Pharisee was outraged, but he didn't say so out loud. He thought to himself, "And this
Jesus is supposed to be a prophet! If he really were a prophet, he'd know what kind of woman this
was who is touching Him!" Jesus read his thoughts. He turned to him and said, "Simon, I have
something to say to you." So he said, "Teacher, say it." So Jesus proceeded to tell him the Parable
of the Two Debtors.
Two men owed money to the same moneylender; one man 50 denarii, the other 500. Now a denarius
was a day's wages for a working man - say $100 in today's money. That means one guy owed $5000,
the other $50,000, which is quite a difference, if you think about it. Most of, I think, could come up
with $5000 in pretty short order if there was some sort of critical need. But I think most of us would
have a lot of trouble getting $50,000 together. That's a lot of money! So there was quite a difference
in the size of the debts owed by these two men in the parable. However, they did have one thing in
common: neither of them could pay.
If you've ever faced a financial deadline with no idea how you were going to pay the bill, maybe
you can appreciate their misery - days of worry, nights of tossing and turning, dreading the coming
day of reckoning. At last the day arrives, an d both men go penniless to the moneylender to meet
their doom. But something astonishing happens, something they never imagined -- out of the blue,
the moneylender decides to cancel their debts completely, as if they had paid off the entire amount!
Suddenly, both men found themselves free and clear, and all on account of the kindness and good
will of their creditor. Now comes the point: Tell me therefore, Jesus asked the Pharisee, which of
them will love him more?" 43 Simon answered and said, "I suppose the one whom he forgave
more." And He said to him, "You have rightly judged."
"Well, that was a nice little story," Simon may have thought to himself, "but what's it got to do
with this disreputable woman breaking in on my dinner party?" So Jesus explained it to him. He
challenged him, in effect, to FIND THE DEBTORS IN THIS PICTURE. Simon himself was
represented by a character in the parable, as was the woman. If we look close enough, I think we'll
find that each of us is somewhere in that picture, too! FIND THE DEBTORS IN THIS PICTURE!
Simon is easy to find in the parable. He's the debtor who had less to forgive. Jesus cast him in that
role because that's how Simon saw himself as compared with the woman. After all, he was an
upstanding member of the community, very religious, in the synagogue every Sabbath, paid his
taxes. Certainly, he was far above that wicked woman in terms of righteousness -- or so he thought!
But notice the parable - in the parable, both debtors were bankrupt! Neither of them had the means
with which to pay their debt. By the way, in those days they threw you in prison when you couldn't
pay your debts; and it didn't matter how much you owed - one dollar or a million dollars, the
punishment was the same. Likewise, the punishment for sin is the same for every sinner - eternal
death. Simon's problem was that he didn't realize how much he owed. The Bible says "The soul that
sins, it shall die." "And he who shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in ONE POINT, he is guilty
of ALL!" -- Js 2:10.
Simon the Pharisee was ignoring his own sinfulness and his own need for a Savior. And the
evidence for this was clear, said Jesus. Like the man in the parable, "he loved little." When the Lord
Jesus came to his house, Simon didn't show love for him -- actually, he wasn't even very polite! For
instance, it was common courtesy in those days for a host to greet his guests with a kiss on the
cheek as they arrived; but, Jesus said, You gave me no kiss. Normally a servant would appear to
wash the feet of the guests before dinner; But Simon, You gave me no water for my feet. For special
guests, a few drops of scented oil would be placed on the forehead as a gesture of welcome; You
did not anoint my head with oil. If Simon the Pharisee had known how much sin he actually had to
forgive, he certainly wouldn't have omitted these polite customs. But he didn't know. His
self-righteous nose was so high in the air that he couldn't see his own sin. His lack of love for Jesus
proved that he was the worst kind of sinner: an unrepentant one, one who was teetering on the
brink of hell!
Can you find yourself in this picture? All too often, I'm afraid, we too are like the debtor who loved
little. So often we underestimate how far in debt to sin we've become. We explain, and rationalize,
and minimize our responsibility for sin. Does it ever happen in our life that, instead of kissing Jesus'
feet in repentant acknowledgement of our sin, we spit in His face by nonchalantly continuing to do
what we know is wrong? Do we, like Simon, despise the Lord Jesus? Have we ignored the
preaching of His Word, scorned His gift of forgiveness by missing the Lord's supper? Have we
been guilty, like Simon, of looking down self-righteous noses at those of our neighbors who are
"less holy" than we are?
-- You begin to feel it, don't you? The conviction that your sins are great, and that the punishment
for sin is dreadful. Fear not. For there is good news in our text today as well.
FIND THE DEBTORS IN THIS PICTURE. What about the other one? The one who was forgiven a
debt not of five thousand, but FIFTY thousand dollars? -Of course, Jesus was referring to the
sinful woman at His feet.
The woman had no illusions about her own sinfulness - she knew how low she had fallen, and the
danger that that sin posed to her eternal soul. Yes, she knew all about her sin -- but she also knew
about HER SAVIOR. Maybe she had heard Jesus speak somewhere, or perhaps she had only heard
a rumor about Him: "The Messiah has arrived!" someone may have whispered. "His name is Jesus
of Nazareth, and He'll forgive the sins of anyone who comes to Him!" However it happened, the
Holy Spirit had worked faith in this woman's heart. She knew that Jesus was the One who could lift
the heavy burden of guilt off her sinful shoulders, and there wasn't anything that could keep her
away from Him. She knew very well that Jesus was the creditor who could and would cancel her
huge debt of sin.
She wasn't wrong about that, either. Jesus once said, "He who comes to Me I will by NO MEANS
cast out!" While Simon and his other guests looked down their noses at her in disgust, Jesus
looked upon her with loving compassion. And He granted her fondest wish. He said unto her, Your
sins are forgiven... go in peace.
What a wonderful blessing Jesus gives - to suddenly be completely released from the bondage of
sin! The woman must have felt the same way that that man did in the parable - the one who was
most deeply in debt. Sudden release! Sudden freedom! Sudden salvation from certain ruin! Her
gratitude for Jesus' forgiveness was plain for all to see. There was no pride to be seen as she knelt
at Jesus' feet and washed them with her tears. There was no self-righteousness in the way she
kissed His feet and anointed them with oil. There was only one thing - LOVE FOR HER LORD
JESUS. This love was the evidence of her faith. Of the two characters in the parable, she was the
one who was forgiven much, and therefore loved much.
Did I say, "two characters"? Actually, there are three. Because you are in there, too! " You've felt
the same conviction of sin that that woman felt. You, in your life, have felt the same desperate
longing for forgiveness. Don't be afraid - it's not too late! Come to Jesus today and lay all your sins
at the foot of his cross. He is waiting for you with full forgiveness for each of your transgressions!
When you're driven to cry out with Paul, "O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me from this
body of death?" - that's when the sweet words of Jesus are the most comforting thing on earth:
"Come unto Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke
upon you and learn from Me, for I am meek and lowly of heart, and you shall find rest unto your
soul. For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light.
If we find ourselves in this parable, let it be as the ones who were forgiven much, and loved much.
Let us come to our Savior's feet, humbly confessing our sin; not boasting of our own
accomplishments, but seeking the forgiveness only His grace can provide. We won't come away
empty-handed. Are your sins many? So were that woman's, and she wasn't turned away! "Where
sin did about," our Lord says, "there grace did much more abound." It was for that sinful woman
that Jesus walked the way of the cross. It was for you that He bore the Roman whip and crown of
thorns. It was for me that He suffered the wounds of nail and spear. Our sins have been atoned for
by Jesus; and our debt is cancelled. We have been forgiven much. My fellow Christians, let us with
our lives show the world that we can love much, as well!
It is Jesus' final words that make this passage an especially comforting one. A famous Lutheran
Theologian was once asked what he most wanted in life. He replied, "For myself, I want no more
than what Christ gave to that sinful woman - the words, 'Your sins are forgiven. Your faith has
saved you. Go in peace.'" My friends, if that sounds as good to you as it does to me, then the
puzzle is solved. By the grace of God, we've found our place in the picture, and our eternal future is
secure in Christ! AMEN.